The MARKAL-Quebec multi-period process model is used to simulate the reaction of the Quebec energy and industrial sectors to the imposition of upper limits on the global emissions of NOx and S02 acid gases into the atmosphere. Two economic scenarios are used respectively for high and low demands for goods and services, with moderate prices of imported energy forms. Several emissions reduction constraints are tested. The main results are: important reductions are achieved in the copper smelting industry, a switch from heavy fuel oil to natural gas and a switch toward diesel vehicles impacting the refining of oil products and the transportation sector.
Berger, C.; Haurie, A.; Lessard, E.; Loulou, R.; and Waaub, J-P
"Exploring Acid Gas Emission Reductions in the Province of Quebec via MARKAL-Quebec,"
Energy Studies Review:
2, Article 1.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/esr/vol3/iss2/1