Margaret Kruk


Marx denounced religion in general, and the nineteenth century Christian Socialist movement in Europe in particular, as oppressive forces which can never authentically take the side of the poor in transforming an unjust society. I compare the development of the Christian social movement in Europe to the development of Liberation Theology in Central America to establish whether Marx's criticism of religion applies to the latter. I find Liberation Theology to be markedly different from Christian Socialism in its approach and aims. The authenticity of its commitment to the poor defies Marx's analysis of religion and places Liberation Theology alongside his own efforts to liberate the oppressed.