Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
This thesis presents novel applications of Artificial Intelligence-based on algorithms to Failure Detection Systems. It shows the benefits intelligent, adaptive blocks can provide along with potential pitfalls. A new fault detection structure is introduced which has desirable properties when dealing with missing data, or data corrupted by extraneous disturbances. A classical alarm generation procedure is extended by transformation into an optimum, real-time, adaptive block. Two techniques, artificial Neural Networks, and Partial Least Squares, complement each other in one of the failure detection applications exploiting their respective non-linear and de-correlation strengths. Artificial Intelligence techniques are compared side by side with classical approaches and the results are analyzed. Three practical examples are examined: The Static Security Assessment of Electric Power Systems, the Oil Leak Detection in Underground Power Cables, and the Stator Overheating Detector. These case studies are demonstrated since each one represents a class of failure detection problems. The Static Security Assessment of Electric Power Systems in a class of problems with inputs which are somewhat correlated, and which has very little learning data. While the time required for the system to learn is not a concern, the recall time must be short, providing for real-time performance. The Oil Leak Detection in Underground Power Cables represents the class of problems where one has vast amounts of data indicative of a properly functioning system, however data from a failed system are very sparse. Unlike the Static Security Assessment problem, the oil leak detector has to consider the time dynamics of the system. Special provisions must be made to accommodate missing data which would interrupt contiguous data sets required for proper operation. This case study shows ways to exploit the slight sensor redundancy in order to detect sensor breakdown along with the detection of the main system failure. A third class of problems is showcased by the Electric Generator Stator Overheating detector. This application must deal with highly correlated inputs, along with the lack of fault data to be used for learning. Physical system non-linearities as well as time dynamics must also be addressed.
Fischer, Daniel, "Artificial Intelligence Techniques Applied to Fault Detection Systems" (2004). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 1278.