Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dr. Harish C. Jain
The theory of planned behavior (TPB) was the theoretical framework applied to examine participation decisions by local labor union members. This study had several objectives: determine the dimensionality of union participation as a dependent variable; extend the TPB to include variables used in union participation research; test personality meaures; and test the predictive ability of the TPB over the theory of reasoned action (TRA). A factor analysis revealed that union participation in multidimensional, with three factors emerging. When personality and demographic variables were included, the amount of variance accounted for in union participation increased by 1 percent. A comparison of the TPB with the TRA also demonstrates support for the TPB. A relationship was found between perceived behavioral control (PBC) and gender, and for children under 12. The gender effect indicated that males have more PBC than do females, and when there are children under 12, there are issues with volitional control. No relationship was found to exist between PBC and race, or with disabilities. However, non-White members were found to have higher instrumental beliefs towards participation, as did persons with disabilities. A unique finding in this study was the relationship between subjective norms (SN) and participation, and between SN and intentions. A relationship was also found between beliefs and extraversion. These findings represent important policy consideration for unions. Unions need to be more creative in finding ways to make it easier for females and families to participate. Paid allowances may be necessary to cover expenses, holding meetings earlier in the evening to make it easier to attend, or locations that provide easy access. Leadership training may address some issues for members less extraverted. Unions musut also ensure that socialization of members, using retired union members or working with referent others is encourages, as it appears to be an important construct.
Zinni, Deborah Marie, "Participation Decisions by Labor Union Members: Theory of Planned Behavior and Personality" (2002). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 1364.