Date of Award
Master of Engineering (ME)
Dr. Alan A. Smith
A computer model is developed for the solution of regional sanitary sewerage systems on a minimum cost basis. The regional system is considered to consist of a substantial number of alternative transportation (collection) routes, several potential treatment facilities and a receiving body of water which is able to accept the effluents from these facilities. The model, using a steady state analysis, facilitates the selection of a good collection network from the large number of possible networks, the selection of good depth-diameter combinations for each link in this final network and the selection of the size and number of treatment facilities which should be involved in the regional system. In addition, the required treatment efficiency of each facility will be determined so that a specified water quality goal may be satisfied.
A major point to be considered in attempting to select a least cost system is the tradeoff in costs between constructing a few, large, centralized treatment facilities (thereby benefitting from the economies of scale which generally exist) and the extra cost associated with transporting the wastes an extra distance to these centralized plants. The possibility of higher treatment efficiencies being required at these centralized treatment facilities (due to a greater stress being exerted on the water quality of the receiving body of water) should also be considered. The piping costs are a function of the wasteflow. Fixed costs may be included in the cost function. The treatment plant costs are a function of both wasteflow and treatment efficiency. Fixed costs may also be included when determining the treatment plant costs.
Linear programming and dynamic programming techniques are used as a basis for the computer model. Additional subroutines were requires to ensure that the technical constraints (for example, the minimum and maximum velocity constraints) were satisfied and to provide the missing components which are necessary to develop a complete computer package.
Maunder, David E., "Modelling of Regional Sanitary Sewerage Networks for Minimum Cost" (1980). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 216.