Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Economics / Economic Policy
This study is a search for an analytical framework within which the structural factors constraining the Nigerian development process can be highlighted.
We examine the input-output method and its relationship to planning a less developed country. The input-output table available for Nigeria is analysed using conventional techniques. Certain indices are derived in an attempt to throw some light on the evaluation of the development process. The importance of designing an input-output table within the context of the particular problem to be solved is emphasized.
A comparative analysis is made of the Nigerian table and an input-output table for Zambia, to highlight the relationship between the design and the use of an input-output table in the planning process. Furthermore, the elements involved in designing a table that would come to grips with the question of structural transformation, are discerned. In particular, the need to relate the classification of economic activities in an input-output matrix to the planning problem emerges.
The data provided in the Nigerian table are used to illustrate the sort of basis on which an input-output table could be built if there is to be a link between a formal description of the economy and the simulation of change.
The study illustrates the extent to which the development process depends on the planners' recognition of the relationship between the problem of transformation and the nature of structural constraints in the economy. In this way, it is possible to isolate systemic malfunctions in the economy and identify in connection with these, the areas of weakness in the planning process.
It is also soon that if the input-output model is to be useful in planning structural transformation, it must be able to accommodate radical changes in the structure of production and a normatively determined pattern of demand. Tho scope of the conventional model must be broadened to allow the planner to emphasize target groups of people in relating the structure of production to the pattern of demand.
Ohiorhenuan, John Folorunsho Enahoro, "Structural Factors in the Macro-Economic Planning Process: A Study of Planning in Nigeria" (1975). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3040.