Date of Award

10-2010

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Kinesiology

Supervisor

Gianni Parise

Language

English

Abstract

Bone marrow is the major site of adult hematopoiesis. Bone marrow cells exert control over the hematopoietic stem cells that reside in the niche; osteoblasts act as positive regulators while adipocytes act as negative regulators. Levels of circulating hematopoietic cytokines also regulate hematopoiesis. In this study, we demonstrate that an endurance exercise training program results in several changes that act to induce hematopoiesis. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell differentiation is skewed away from adipogenesis and towards osteogenesis in exercise trained animals. As a result, the bone marrow cavity is remodeled during the training period and acts to facilitate hematopoiesis. Hematopoietic cytokine gene expression levels also increase in exercise trained skeletal muscle. These changes translate into increased bone marrow and blood hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell content. This study draws a link between exercise training, bone marrow niche regulation, skeletal muscle derived hematopoietic cytokines, and the regulation of hematopoiesis.

McMaster University Library

Files over 3MB may be slow to open. For best results, right-click and select "save as..."

Included in

Kinesiology Commons

Share

COinS