Date of Award

Fall 2011

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Applied Science (MASc)


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Jian-Kang Zhang


Sorina Dumitrescu



Committee Member

Kon Max Wong, Dongmei Zhao


In this thesis, a MISO wireless communication system having even transmitter antennas and a single receiver antenna is considered, where neither the transmitter nor the receiver knows channel state information. Particularly when the number of transmitter antennas is two, a novel concept called a uniquely factorable constellation pair (UFCP) is first proposed for the systematic design of a noncoherent full diversity collaborative unitary space-time block code by normalizing two Alamouti codes. It is proved that such a unitary UFCP code assures the unique identification of both channel coefficients and transmitted signals in a noise-free case as well as full diversity for the noncoherent maximum likelihood (ML) receiver in a noise case. To further improve error performance, an optimal unitary UFCP code is designed by appropriately and uniquely factorizing a pair of energy-efficient cross quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) constellations to maximize the coding gain subject to a transmission bit rate constraint. After a deep investigation of the fractional coding gain function, a technical approach developed in this thesis to maximizing the coding gain is to carefully design an energy scale to compress the first three largest energy points in the corner of the QAM constellations in the denominator of the objective as well as carefully design a constellation triple forming two UFCPs, with one collaborating with the other two so as to make the accumulated minimum Euclidean distance along the two transmitter antennas in the numerator of the objective as large as possible and at the same time, to avoid as many corner points of the QAM constellations with the largest energy as possible to achieve the minimum of the numerator. In other words, the optimal coding gain is attained by intelligent constellations collaboration and efficient energy compression. Another contribution of this thesis is to generalize the design for the two transmitter antennas into that of the noncoherent system with any even number of transmitter antennas. Using the Alamouti coding scheme and the Toeplitz matrix structure, a novel noncoherent nonunitary space-time block code, which is called an Alamoutibased Toeplitz space-time block code, is proposed. By the fundamentals of Galois theory and algebraic number theory, two important properties on the two Alamouti codes generated from a pair of coprime phase shift keying (PSK) constellations, i.e., the uniqueness of factorization itself and the shift-invariant uniqueness of factorization, are first revealed and rigorously proved. Then, it is further shown that it is these two kinds of the unique factorizations that enable the unique blind identification of both the channel coefficients and the transmitted signals by only processing two block received signals as well as noncoherent full diversity with a generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) receiver. In addition, a full diversity unitary code design is also proposed by simply applying the QR decomposition to the full diversity nonunitary Alamoutibased Toeplitz space-time block code. Computer simulations demonstrate that error performance of both optimal unitary UFCP code and Alamouti-based Toeplitz code presented in this thesis outperform those of the differential code and the SNR-efficient training code, which is the best code in current literatures for the system.

McMaster University Library