Date of Award

Fall 2011

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Applied Science (MASc)


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Kon Max Wong


Jian-kang Zhang



Committee Member

Dong-mei Zhao


In this thesis, we consider a coherent MIMO system, emphasizing on the simplicity of implementation at both the code generator and the receiver. Specifically, we consider the transmission of a space-time block code (STBC) that is a linear combination of coding matrices weighted by the information symbols through a receiver-correlated flat-fading channel and received by a linear ZF detector. Our target is the design of a code which, while maintaining full data-transmission rate, minimizes the asymptotic average (over all the random channel coefficients) bit error probability of an ZF detector. To this end, we first ensure that the full data rate of symbols is maintained, and then, based on the BER for 4-QAM signals, we derive the conditions for optimal codes and establish a code structure that minimizes the asymptotic average bit error probability. We also prove that the diversity gain of our M × N MIMO system is N − M + 1. The resulting optimum code structure requires the individual coding matrices to be mutually orthogonal when vectorized and is related to covariance matrix of correlated channel. The first optimum structural characteristics of the coding matrices is described as trace-orthogonal. A new approach to express expected value of random correlated channel has been proposed as well. From simulation results we can see that advantage of optimum code over uncoded system is more apparent as channel correlation is higher.

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