Date of Award
Master of Science (MSc)
Health Research Methodology
Background and Objectives: Previous research has examined the effect of family physician continuity of care within end-of-life care cancer patients and its association with reduced use of acute care services. However, such research has not been examined in the end of life homecare cancer population. Objectives: To investigate the association of family physician continuity with location of death, hospital and emergency room (ER) visits in the last 2 weeks of life in end of life homecare cancer patients. Research Design: Retrospective study involving secondary data analysis of 7 linked databases. Subjects: All those who died of cancer between January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006 in Ontario who had at least 1 visit to a family physician and enrolled in homecare for at least 2 weeks. Methods: The relationship of family physician continuity of care and location of death, and hospital and ER visits in the last 2 weeks of life was examined using logistic regression. Results: The Usual Provider of Care (UPC) measure demonstrated a dose response relationship with increasing continuity resulting in decreased odds of dying in the hospital and visiting the hospital and ER in the last 2 weeks of life. The Family Physician visits per week measure demonstrated a threshold effect relationship with location of death and hospital visits and dose response relationship with ER visits in the last 2 weeks of life. Conclusions: These results demonstrate an association between family physician continuity of care and location of death and visits to the hospital and ER in the last 2 weeks of life. This indicates the need for more involvement of family physicians in end of life cancer care.
Almaawiy, Ummukulthum A., "Family Physician Continuity of Care in End-of-Life Homecare Cancer Patients and its Association with Acute Care Services Use" (2011). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 6246.
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