Date of Award

Spring 2012

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Applied Science (MASc)


Mechanical Engineering


Peidong Wu


Allan Spence




In this study, detailed numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effects of strain hardening on necking improvement by using finite element package ABAQUS. In addition, the response of laminated composite in necking, pure bending and hydroforming is also examined. It is concluded that architectured structure, especially corrugated reinforcement is an efficient method to significantly improve necking strain.

The necking strain is proportional to the strain hardening rate and volume fraction of the cladding material for laminated composite. In pure bending process, the residual stress distribution varies according to different material composition. The extent of springback is linearly related to the bending moment.

After the unloading in hydroforming process, the volume change of the specimen is linearly related to the fluid pressure while the slope of the linear function is independent to the material composition.

Under 2D plane strain tension, corrugated reinforcement is able to provide high strain hardening rate at large strain, and hence significantly improve necking strain of the composite. Small scale corrugation is superior to large scale ones in both necking strain and strength improvement. An optimal scale exists for highest necking strain and strength while further decrease of scale deteriorates the tensile response.

The anisotropic improvement of necking strain by 2D corrugation can be extended to other directions by 3D cone reinforcement. Under plane strain condition, the cone reinforcement is superior to the flat reinforcement in necking strain while remaining comparable strength.

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