Date of Award
Master of Applied Science (MASc)
Materials Science and Engineering
With the poor room temperature formability of magnesium, rare earth (RE) additions have proven a promising avenue for wrought magnesium products. However, not much is known regarding the effect of these elements on strength and ductility. Stanford et al. (2010b) summarized it best: “Although the addition of rare earth elements offers the possibility of greatly improved mechanical properties, we still lack fairly basic knowledge about the behaviour of these alloying elements”[p.6773]. Through a systematic study across three Mg-RE binary systems, the effect of gadolinium, samarium and scandium on solution strengthening, work hardening behaviour and strain rate sensitivity of Mg-RE binary alloys have been characterized.
The results suggest that samarium offers the greatest solid solution strengthening in both tension and compression relative to the other two binary systems. For the binary alloys explored, only gadolinium and samarium in compression followed the Labusch theory of solution strengthening; in which the yield strength scales with c^2/3 . Gadolinium additions provide the largest strength and ductility in tension and compression. Increasing solute content in the binary systems leads to a decrease of the strain rate sensitivity of the alloys. At the highest level of solute, both Mg-Gd and Mg-Sm exhibit negative strain rate sensitivity under tension. In compression, Mg-Gd also exhibits a negative strain rate sensitivity at the highest level solute, whereas Mg-Sm has a low, but positive value. The asymmetry in work hardening behaviour and the form of the flow curves between tension and compression is the result of the difference in the dominating modes of deformation at a given stage of the plastic flow. The extent of the work performed established the hardening levels and thermodynamic deformation parameters which control the flow stress and work hardening behaviour, that can be applied in future work.
Noble, Kevin R., "Origins of Strength and Ductility in Mg-RE Binary Alloys" (2012). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 6777.
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