Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Hydraulic systems are commonly used for actuation and manipulation of heavy loads. They are found in a variety of different industries, such as in automotive, manufacturing, robotics, construction, and aerospace. Conventional hydraulic systems use a centralized constant pressure supply system. Pressurized fluid is then channeled to actuators using servo-valves. The advantages of these systems are their high torque to mass ratio, and the ability to control speed and direction with relative precision. However, there are also disadvantages such as the requirement of a bulky centralized supply, leakage, noise, and reduced energy efficiency due to orifice flow and the requirement for maintaining a constant supply pressure.
Electro-Hydrostatic Actuation systems (EHA) alleviate many of the above mentioned shortcomings of servo-valve controlled hydraulic systems. In the EHA position control is achieved by regulating the pumping action. Here, a fixed or a variable displacement pump can be used to move oil from one chamber of the actuator to the other. In these actuators, the presence of nonlinearities associated with pump/motor static friction and backlash, pressure drop in the piping system, and nonlinear friction at the load have a significant effect on the performance and positional precision of the system.
This research will focus on developing a multiple inner-loop control strategy by implementing multiple inner-loops that utilize the differential pump/load position and velocity. The main goal will be to decrease the effect of the pump backlash as well as the nonlinear friction at the load; both of which negatively impact positional precision. Therefore, the main benefit of this method is an improvement in trajectory tracking precision, which is particularly important for high precision hydrostatic systems. Furthermore, a sliding mode control strategy will be incorporated into the design to suppress load oscillations reported in precision trajectory tracking applications. The research hypothesis states that sliding mode control in conjunction with multiple inner-loops, will improve the trajectory tracking performance of a hydrostatic actuation system by partially compensating the effects of static friction at the load. Theoretical analysis, simulation supported by experimental results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the newly developed methods in suppressing the effects of nonlinearities on the EHA performance, with the downside of an increased complexity due to the increased number of controller parameters.
El Sayed, Mohammed A., "MULTIPLE INNER-LOOP CONTROL OF AN ELECTRO-HYDROSTATIC ACTUATOR" (2012). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 6884.
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