Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
WiIIiam C. Noble
The Hudson Bay Lowrand - often referred to in fur-trade records as the "low country" has been the subject of much research within the natural sciences; however, research pertaining to the region's human history and ecology is not as well advanced. This study employs ethnohistorical methodology integrating ethnographies, exploration literature, fur-trade records, archaeological data, and Native advisor consultations in an attempt to elucidate culture history and patterns of Native occupation within the Lowland region. Hudson's Bay Cornpany fur-trade journals, reports, and maps indicate that within the Lowrand the Indian population harvested fish at "fishing stations" where "weirs" were constructed, maintained, and operated. Fur-trade records in combination with information provided by Native advisors illustrate that fishing stations were operational on a year-round basis and that fish played a significant rore within Native economic strategies. Based upon an 1815 Severn District report and accompanying maps, recorded fishing station locations were identified on the Shamattawa River and at the southern junction of Spruce Lake and the North Washagami River. Activity areas at these fishing station locations yielded evidence of substantial occupation over time and space and they provided insight into economic strategies and adaptations.
Lister, Kenneth, "Fishing Stations and the Low Country: A Contribution to Hudson Bay Lowland Ethnohistory" (1996). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 6956.
McMaster University Library