Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MSc)


Mathematics and Statistics


Ian Hambleton




Isotropy representations provide powerful tools for understanding the classification of equivariant principal bundles over the $2$-sphere. We consider a $\Gamma$-equivariant principal $G$-bundle over $S^2$ with structural group $G$ a compact connected Lie group, and $\Gamma \subset SO(3)$ a finite group acting linearly on $S^2.$ Let $X$ be a topological space and $\Gamma$ be a group acting on $X.$ An isotropy subgroup is defined by $\Gamma_x = \{\gamma \in \Gamma \lvert \gamma x=x\}.$ Assume $X$ is a $\Gamma$-space and $A$ is the orbit space of $X$. Let $\varphi: A\rightarrow X$ be a continuous map with $\pi \circ \varphi = 1_A$. An isotropy groupoid is defined by $\mathfrak{I} = \{(\gamma,a) \in \Gamma\times A \lvert \ \gamma \in \Gamma_{\varphi(a)}\}.$ An isotropy representation of $\mathfrak{I}$ is a continuous map $\iota : \mathfrak{I} \rightarrow G$ such that the restriction map $\mathfrak{I}_a \rightarrow G$ is a group homomorphism. $\Gamma$- equivariant principal $G$-bundles are studied in two steps; \begin{enumerate} [1)] \item the restriction of an equivariant bundle to the $\Gamma$ equivariant 1-skeleton $X \subset S^2$ where $\mathfrak{I}$ is isotropy representation of $X$ over singular set of the $\Gamma$-sets in $S^2$ \item the underlying $G$-bundle $\xi$ over $S^2$ determined by $c(\xi)\in \pi_2(BG).$ \end{enumerate}

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