Date of Award
Master of Science (MSc)
Physics and Astronomy
In this thesis we discuss in detail the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) for simulating low-energy properties of quantum spin models. We implement an original DMRG routine on the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain and benchmark its efficiency against exact results (energies, correlation functions, etc.) as well as conformal field-theoretical calculations due to finite-size scaling (ground-state energy and spin gap logarithmic corrections). Moreover, we apply the DMRG to a two-leg square ladder system, where in addition to bilinear exchange terms, we also consider an additional cyclic four-spin ring-exchange. The transposition of four spins gives rise to biquadratic exchange terms which are non-trivial to implement in the DMRG. Intermediate results of the ring-exchange are presented along with the difficulties presently encountered.
Chan, Alexander, "A Density-Matrix Renormalization Group Study of Quantum Spin Models with Ring Exchange" (2012). Open Access Dissertations and Theses. Paper 7182.
McMaster University Library
Available for download on Thursday, July 04, 2013