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Date of Award

Fall 2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science (MASc)

Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Supervisor

Igor Zhitomirsky

Language

English

Abstract

Electrochemical methods show great promise in the deposition of biocompatible coatings for biomedical applications with advanced functionality. Consequently, methods of creating coatings of bioactive materials, such as halloysite nanotubes (HNT), hydroxyapatite (HA), chitosan, hyaluronic acid (HYH), poly-L-ornithine (PLO) and poly-L-lysine (PLL) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) have been developed through the use of electrophoretic deposition (EPD). The co-deposition of these materials are achieved at voltages ranging from 5 to 20 V on a 304 stainless steel substrate using suspensions of 0.5 and 1.0 gL-1 biopolymer (chitosan, PAA, PLO, PLL) containing 0.3, 0.5 0.6, 1.0 and 2.0 gL-1 bioceramic (HNT, HA). The resulting films were then investigated to further understand the kinetics and mechanics of deposition, determine their properties, and evaluate their suitability for physiological applications. The films were studied using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Thermal Analysis and Thermogravimetric Analysis (DTA/TGA), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) and Linear Polarisation. The results indicate that film thickness, composition and morphology can be controlled and modified at will, and that the deposition of composite films, multilayer laminates and functionally graded films are possible.

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