Date of Award

Fall 2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Chemical Engineering

Supervisor

James M. Dickson

Language

English

Committee Member

Randall S. Dumont, Carlos Filipe

Abstract

Nanofiltration (NF) is a pressure-driven membrane separation process, which is a nonequilibrium process because of the pressure difference and concentration difference across the membrane. As one type of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations can provide the dynamics properties of NF transport on a molecular level description, which can serve as a complement to conventional experimental studies.

In this thesis, NEMD simulations are proposed to study pressure-driven liquid flows through carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes and polyamide (PA) membranes at realistic NF conditions. Pure water flows passing through the membranes are studied primarily, and organic flows passing through the CNT membranes are also studied. Little research, that we are aware of, has been done to show the NF transport properties. The results of the NEMD simulations are analyzed to investigate the transport properties and the effects of the membrane structures on liquid transport, and the simulation results are compared with traditional models and/or literature data. This work shows that show that the liquid transport through the CNT membrane is extremely fast and cannot be predicted by the continuum equations due to the special properties of the CNT, and the water transport of the PA membrane is strongly related to the free-volume properties of the amorphous polymeric membrane.

The MD simulation studies proposed in this thesis are feasible as a tool for describing and investigating pressure-drive liquid transport and can provide some fundamental basis for NF transport.

McMaster University Library

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