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Date of Award

Fall 2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MSc)

Department

Medical Physics

Supervisor

Marcin Wierzbicki

Language

English

Committee Member

Kevin Diamond, Orest Ostapiak

Abstract

The image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) protocol used at Juravinski Cancer Center for post-prostatectomy patients involves acquiring a kV cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) image at each fraction and shifting the treatment couch to align surgical clips. This IGRT strategy is promising but its dosimetric impact is unknown, it requires significant resources, and delivers non-negligible doses to normal tissues. The objective of this work is to evaluate this IGRT protocol and investigate possible alternatives.

IGRT delivered dose is reconstructed by deforming the planning CT to the CBCT images acquired at each fraction, computing dose on the deformed images, and inversely transforming the dose back to the original geometry. The treatments of six patients were evaluated under four scenarios: no guidance (Non-IGRT), daily guidance as performed clinically (IGRT), guidance on alternating days (Alt-IGRT), and daily automated guidance (Auto-IGRT). For one patient, the impact of reducing the planning target volume (PTV) margin to five (IGRT-5) and eight (IGRT-8) mm isotropic was also evaluated.

With the standard clinical PTV margin of ten/seven mm, the evaluated alternatives produced similar results. The minimum dose to the CTV was decreased by 1.6±1.0, 1.2±0.7, and 0.8±0.8 Gy for Non-IGRT, Alt-IGRT, and IGRT, respectively. IGRT with manual shifting did not appear to significantly improve the delivered treatment dose compared to Auto-IGRT (difference in CTV minimum dose was 1.2±2.1Gy). Doses to the organs at risk varied but in general, an increased volume of the bladder and rectum received low doses while smaller portions received high doses. The IGRT-5 and -8 analyses showed the same CTV dose can be delivered with significant reduction in normal tissue exposure. Overall, the desired doses are delivered during IGRT although much of this may be attributed to the large PTV margins currently employed clinically.

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