Date of Award

Fall 2012

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MSc)


Mathematics and Statistics


Angelo J. Canty




Hypercholesterolemia is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood, and it is one of the major factors for the development of long-term complications in T1D patients.

In the thesis, we studied 1303 Caucasians with type 1 diabetes in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT). With the experience of diabetes study, many factors are associated with diabetes complications, they are age, gender, cohort, treatment, diabetes duration, body mass index (BMI), exercise, insulin dose, etc. We mainly focus on which factors are associated with total cholesterol (CHL) analysis in the thesis.

Many measures were collected monthly, quarterly or yearly for average 6.5 years from 1983 to 1993. We used annually lipid measures of DCCT because of their values are sufficient and complete, and they belong to longitudinal data.

Different methods are discussed in the study, and linear mixed effect models are the appropriate approach to the study. The details of model selection with CHL model analysis are shown, which includes fixed effect selection, random effects selection, and residual correlation structure selection. Then the SNPs were added on three models individually in GWAS. We found locus (rs7412) is not only genome-wide associated with CHL, but also genome-wide associated with LDL.

We will assess whether these SNPs are diabetes-specific in the future, and we will add dietary data in the three models to identify locus are associated with the interaction of diet and SNPs.

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